Ice dams are a ridge of ice that forms along the edge of your roof during the winter typically after fairly decent snowfalls and long periods with temperatures remaining below freezing. Ice dams stop melting snow water from draining correctly off the roof into the gutters.
November 25, 2017
Ice dams are a ridge of ice that forms along the edge of your roof during the winter typically after fairly decent snowfalls and long periods with temperatures remaining below freezing. Ice dams stop...Read More
August 28, 2017
Did you know that one of the reasons your hydro and energy bills can become exceptionally high and unpredictable in the winter is because your attic is not insulated correctly? The attic is part...Read More
July 25, 2017
The roofing system on your home does require periodic maintenance to ensure it is protecting your home correctly. Without proper inspections from an experienced roofing contractor, like us here at Logik Roofing, the roof...Read More
June 25, 2017
Some homeowners may not worry much about a small leak in their roof that only happens when it rains or the snow melts off of their roof at the end of winter. However, if...Read More
May 25, 2017
Some people attempt to save money when they need a new roof by doing DIY roof replacement. However, not all of these projects are successful and actually have been known to create even bigger...Read More
The R-value of insulation is its ability to resist the transfer of heat through the insulation. Heat transfer is the loss of warm air from inside the home to the exterior. It also implies the transfer of heat during the warm summer months from outside into the home. So, insulation with high R-values resist heat transfer much better than insulation with low R-value.
Did you know that one of the reasons your hydro and energy bills can become exceptionally high and unpredictable in the winter is because your attic is not insulated correctly? The attic is part of your roofing system and requires proper insulation and venting for it to work correctly. However, most homes in the GTA do not have sufficient insulation.
The roofing system on your home does require periodic maintenance to ensure it is protecting your home correctly. Without proper inspections from an experienced roofing contractor, like us here at Logik Roofing, the roof system can develop minor problems, like small leaks. If left unrepaired can become more costly to fix.
Some homeowners may not worry much about a small leak in their roof that only happens when it rains or the snow melts off of their roof at the end of winter. However, if left unchecked and unrepaired, a small roof leak can quickly turn into a major headache and costly hassle for the homeowner.
Some people attempt to save money when they need a new roof by doing DIY roof replacement. However, not all of these projects are successful and actually have been known to create even bigger problems and hassles for the homeowners.
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Contrary to popular belief, having gutters does not cause ice dams to form. Rather they are caused by poor attic insulation and ventilation. As heat escapes from the interior of your home into the attic, it heats the underside of the roof.
However, the edges of the roof are not heated up, so they remain below freezing. So, as the melting snow water drains off the roof and encounters below freezing temperatures, it refreezes into ice and starts to create an ice dam.
Once it is big enough, it then acts as a barrier. The water cannot flow off the roof, so it sits on the roof and can backup underneath roofing shingles. The water will look for small gaps, cracks and openings where it can drain away.
If it finds these underneath your shingles, then it can get into your attic and your home. It could also run down the inside of exterior support walls. In addition, if these is an excess amount of water making its way into the home, it can damage insulation, drywall, and create problems with mold and mildew.
Short Term Solutions
It is important to stress you should not get onto your roof to try to solve an ice dam problem in the middle of winter. This is best left to a professional because it can be rather dangerous. Nor should you use an ice pick to try to break up ice dams while standing on a ladder. You could potentially damage the roofing materials, fall off the ladder, or get injured from sharp pieces of ice.
The best way to deal with ice dams in the middle of winter is to use ice melt on them to keep the water flowing off the roof. You may also want to consider getting your attic insulation topped off to help reduce the number and size of ice dams on the roof.
Long Term Solutions
You will want to have the problem with ice dams corrected so that it does not continue to occur winter after winter. Otherwise, the long-term damage from ice dams could also require getting a new roof installed as the roofing underlayment can rot and eventually start to sag.
You will want to get more attic insulation installed to create a better barrier to keep warm air inside the home. You will also want to have a qualified roofing professional verify your attic has the right ventilation and get it fixed, if not.
If your home had ice dams last winter, it is never too late to stop them from occurring this winter. To have your attic insulation topped off, ventilation checked or for other roofing problems, please feel free to contact Logik Roofing at 905.424.7469 today!
“We are proud to be part of the GreenON Rebate Program, where you can earn up to $1,500 in rebates just for topping off your attic insulation!”
To give you a good comparison, the attic insulation in newly built homes have an average R-value rating of 44, while concrete blocks used around the foundation have an R-value of 1. This is why it is common to add spray foam insulation in between the openings found in concrete blocks.
The R-value is directly related to the thickness of the insulation and the air density. For example, regular fibreglass insulation must be twelve inches deep in order to achieve around an R-value of 38. On the other hand, loose cellulose insulation only needs to be about 10 inches deep to have the same R-value.
Now that you know what the R-value means, it is important to keep in mind different areas of your home have different minimum recommended R-values.
- Crawlspaces: R-19
- Exterior Sidewalls: R-18
- Basement: R-19
- Attic: R-44
Depending on when your home was built it may lack these minimum values. Adding insulation to exterior sidewalls, crawlspaces, and basements can be difficult and challenging. Yet, increasing the amount of insulation in your attic is fairly easy because you are essentially “topping off” the existing insulation.
“Topping off” your attic insulation and increasing the R-value to at least R-44 could potentially reduce your home’s heating costs this winter by as much as 20%. Plus, the additional insulation will help keep your home cooler in the summer and could save you as much as 10% off summertime cooling costs.
- TIP: If you have an electric furnace or electric baseboard heating, it is recommended to increase attic insulation to a minimum of R-49. This is because electric types of home heating tend to be less energy efficient and can cost more, compared to natural gas heating.
- Bonus TIP: For maximum savings on heating and energy bills we recommend topping off attic insulation to an R-value of R-60.
How to Calculate Your Current R-Value in Your Attic
The easiest way to get an idea of the current R-value rating for your existing attic insulation is to measure it with a tape measure. Carefully push the end of the tape measure down without disturbing the insulation as best as possible, until you hit the baseboard underneath.
- TIP: You will want to wear gloves, a facemask, and protective goggles when measuring the depth of fibreglass insulation because fibreglass can irritate the skin, eyes, and respiratory system.
For both fiberglass and cellulose insulation, every inch of insulation is approximately equal to an R-value of 3.5. So if you have 10 inches of insulation in your attic, it roughly has an R-value of R-35, which is under the minimum recommended amount.
If you need assistance in determining the R-value of your attic insulation or want to have it topped off before it gets really cold, please feel free to contact Logik Roofing at 905.424.7469 today!
“We are proud to be part of the GreenON Rebate Program, where you can earn up to $1,500 in rebates just for topping off your attic insulation!”
As a result, their roofing system does not function correctly and they end up paying more in home heating and cooling costs. Why? The insulation in your attic acts like a blanket over the home’s interior. It is supposed to keep heated and cooled air inside the home, while at the same time block out cold and hot air that is found in the space in between the insulation and the roof.
Proper airflow is also essential to keep air moving and prevent it from getting too hot or too cold in this open-air space. When there is not proper air flow, combined with improper insulation, it reduces the overall effectiveness of the insulating “blanket” in the attic.
Here at Logik Roofing, we recommend asking yourself the following questions:
1. Does your hydro and energy bills seem significantly higher during the coldest parts of winter?
2. Do you feel cold air/warm air drafts around the attic access area in your home?
3. Do you smell mold or mildew around the attic access area?
4. Does it seem like the air is more humid in the attic access area or you can sense a dampness in the air?
5. Is your home more than ten years old and has not had any major improvements made to it?
If you answered yes to one or more of the above, chances are your attic is under-insulated and is not providing the proper protection your home needs. If you answered yes to either question 3 or 4 or both, then this could also imply your attic is not properly vented.
To find out the extent of insulation you are lacking in your attic, your next step would be to call us and arrange an in-home inspection. During this inspection process, we will verify what type of insulation you already have, how much more you require, and confirm whether your roofing system and attic are properly vented. Then, our roofing and attic insulation experts will discuss your different options and provide you with a free quote.
Improving the insulation in your attic can help reduce your hydro and energy bills while keeping your home comfortable all winter long. Even if your home is less than 10 years old, we do invite you to contact us for a free attic insulation inspection and quote. You would be surprised by how many people think just because their home is newer, the attic is properly insulated when it really is not.
Call Logik Roofing at 905.424.7469 today to request your free attic insulation estimate and look forward to lower hydro and energy bills this winter!
There are different ways water can get into the home through the roof. The most common one is when the shingles have gaps, cracks, or other deformities that allow water, ice, or snow to get underneath them, and eventually into the home.
Small leaks can take months and sometimes even years before they become evident to the homeowner. During this time the water is slowly eroding wood, underlayments, insulation and drywall. Over time, these materials lose their effectiveness for their intended purposes.
Wooden materials can start to rot from too much water, which can lead to mold and mildew. Another issue is where they are exposed to periods of wetness and dryness. This causes pre-treated wood to lose its protection and could attract wood eating pests, like termites, as well as to weaken.
With insulating materials, when they are wet, the water causes heat/cold air to transfer from the interior/exterior of the home. So you home will seem warmer in the summer and colder in the winter. In addition, the insulation can rot, as well as promote mold and mildew growth.
Common Causes of Roof Leaks
There are different causes why roofing systems will leak, and cold include one or more of the following:
- Broken, Cracked or Missing Shingles
- Cracked/Broken Roof Vent Seals/Bootings
- Cracked/Damaged Skylight Seals/Bootings
- Cracked/Damaged Chimneys
- Damaged/Missing Flashing
- Improper Sealing of Valleys
- Improper Installation of Eaves/Gutters
Determining the source of a roof leak requires the help of an expert and professional roofer. While you will already know where the water is leaking inside the home, or are noticing discolouration on your ceiling or walls, the actual source of the leak is rarely, if ever directly above these areas. Rather the source of the leak is often in an entirely different location due to how the water is flowing once it gets under the roof and into your home.
Furthermore, there is one type of leak that is not a roof leak – when it is caused from condensation in your attic. This type of leak occurs when your attic does not have sufficient insulation. As cold and hot air meets in the attic, it creates condensation, which can create enough water to make it appear like you have a roof leak.
Why Leaks Need Repaired
There are several safety issues with not addressing and fixing a leaky roof. Support structures can rot, collapse, and sink into the home. The ceiling could collapse and there could be damage to interior support structures. Even the roofing system could start sagging and collapse into the attic.
Ignoring a leak will not resolve the problem, but rather allow it to become worse. If you notice signs of roof leaks in your home, call Logik Roofing at 905.424.7469 today to schedule a roof inspection. We also can help resolve problems where your home has insufficient attic insulation.
As water gets into the home through a leak in the roof, it takes quite a bit of water to form an actual drip or water stain on the ceiling. All of the excess water is being absorbed into the insulation, as well as wooden supports under the roof, in the attic, and those in the ceiling or walls of the home.
Overtime, from periods of wetness and dryness this can cause the wood to rot and deteriorate. As the wood weakens it is no longer able to support the weight of the roof or ceiling and could cause it to collapse into the home, which is a serious safety hazard. Furthermore, the dry, rotting wood will attract pests like carpenter ants and termites.
Next, your insulation will lose its effectiveness in providing proper protection to keep hot and cold air out of the home. As a result, you will notice a significant increase in your energy bills, as your home’s heating and cooling systems have to work harder to maintain the desired indoor air temperatures.
In addition, the dampness of insulation and wood creates a perfect environment for mildew and mold. Both mold and mildew make spores, which are small airborne particles that can be easily spread throughout the home, should they advance to the point where they are growing on interior walls, as they can be circulated through air vents anytime your furnace or air conditioner runs.
Aside from these types of problems, the amount of water damage from a leaky roof can spread and become even bigger the longer the leak is allowed to remain unrepaired. Furthermore, small leaks can also increase in size allowing even more water access to the interior of the home.
Hopefully, you can see ignoring a leaky roof and expecting it to somehow “magically” repair itself is never a good idea. It is much better to contact a professional roofing contractor the moment you spot signs of a leaky roof, such as:
- Water dripping from the ceiling, upper corners of the walls, or register vents.
- Discoloured spots on the ceiling or upper walls.
- Black mold or mildew growing on the ceiling and upper walls.
- A strong smell of mold and mildew near the attic access door.
- The roof exterior appears to be sagging in one or more locations.
Finding the cause of roof leaks is rather difficult for most people because they do not understand the intricacies of roofing systems, like an experienced roofing contractor. If you have a leaky roof or other roofing concerns, please feel free to contact Logik Roofing by calling 905.424.7469 today! Our roofing contractors proudly service the entire GTA, including Ajax, Brampton, Oshawa, Withby, Mississauga, and even Cottage Country!
If your roof is to the point it needs replaced, and you are considering a DIY roof replacement, it is worth your time to consider and compare the differences between using a professional roofing contractor and doing it yourself.
DIY Roof Replacement Pros
- One of the few benefits you gain is the total project costs tend to be less, so you do save some money.
DIY Roof Replacement Cons
- You have to do all the work yourself.
- You have to order all materials and arrange delivery on your own.
- Any rotted underlayment or other damages have to be repaired.
- The time to complete the project can take a month or longer, during which time you will need to use tarps to prevent water damage inside the attic and home.
- You have to obtain all building permits on your own.
- There are special tools and equipment required for certain types of roofing materials which you will have to purchase.
- In the event of accidents, you are responsible for all costs incurred.
- Can be very dangerous.
- Lack of product knowledge.
- Not using a certified installer.
Professional Roof Replacement Pros
- Roofing contractors install new roofs as their career, so they can complete work faster, while delivering high quality results.
- Roofing contractors are licensed and insured in case of accidents.
- Your roofer will assist you with ordering the best shingles in the desired colour.
- Your roofer arranges the delivery of the shingles and roofing materials to your home.
- The roofing company takes care of all roof prep, including removing the old shingles, roofing paper, and making any needed repairs to the underpayment.
- Roofing contractors normally have a team of professionals that work on your roof, so projects are completed in a day or two.
- Your roofing company ensures their contractors have access to all of the needed equipment and tools.
- The contactor will offer some guarantee for their completed work.
- You are getting a certified installer.
Professional Roof Replacement Cons
- There really are not any cons to using a professional roofer to install a new roof on your home, other than having to wait for availability, during peak seasons. However, your contractor can take preventative measures, like installing tarps over a leaky roof, to help you avoid further damages to your home, until they are able to start your roofing project.
As you can see, you cannot really go wrong with getting an experienced and professional roofing contractor to install your new roof on your home. To request a free estimate for a new roof, please feel free to contact Logik Roofing at 1.866.840.2914 or 905.424.7469 today! We service homes in Oshawa, Cottage Country, Durham, Whitby, Ajax, North York, Toronto, and other communities in the GTA! We are certified installers for both GAF and CertainTeed.